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Minnesota State University, Mankato
Minnesota State University, Mankato

Slocum Vita

Page address: http://sbs.mnsu.edu/government/faculty/Slocum/Slocum Vita.html
CURRICULUM VITA
FRED SLOCUM
(Revised January 2011)
 
Associate Professor of Political Science
Department of Government
109 Morris Hall
Minnesota State University, Mankato
Mankato, Minnesota 56001
 
Telephone: (507) 389-6935
E-mail: frederick.slocum@mnsu.edu
 
 
EDUCATION
 
Ph.D. (political science), University of Iowa, 1997. Comprehensive examination fields: American politics, comparative politics (primarily Western Europe), social psychology. Dissertation: “Images in Black and White: Assessing Racial Prejudice and Its Consequences.” Dissertation advisor: Dr. Douglas Madsen.
 
M.A. (political science), University of Iowa, 1991.
 
B.A. (political science), University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1989.
 
 
ACADEMIC PUBLICATIONS
 
Journal Articles:
 
“Authoritarianism and Resistance to Diversity in the American South.” Forum on Public Policy (Spring 2007). http://www.forumonpublicpolicy.com/archivespring07/slocum.pdf.
 
“White Racial Attitudes and Implicit Racial Appeals: An Experimental Study of ‘Race Coding’ in Political Discourse.” Politics and Policy 29, #4 (December 2001), 650-669.
 
Book Chapters:
 
“With God On Our Side: Moral and Religious Issues, Southern Culture and Republican Realignment in the South.”   In Glenn Feldman (ed.), Painting Dixie Red (under contract: University Press of Florida, 2011).
 
“Racism, Racial Stereotypes and American Politics” (with Yueh-Ting Lee). In Jean Lau Chin (ed.), The Psychology of Prejudice and Discrimination: A Revised and Condensed Edition. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 2010, 15-35. An earlier version was published in Jean Lau Chin (ed.), The Psychology of Prejudice and Discrimination  (a four-volume book set). Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 2004, Vol. 1, 61-93.
 
“The ‘New South’ Thesis Revisited: The Continuing Importance of Race in Southern Politics.” In Jose da Cruz, Becky da Cruz and Andrew Dowdle (eds.), American Politics: Transformation and Change. Pearson Educational Publishing, 2004, 33-49.
 
 
“Divided We Vote: Understanding Racial Differences in Turnout and Voting.” In Jose da Cruz, Becky da Cruz and Andrew Dowdle (eds.), Politics in Action, 2nd edition. McGraw-Hill Publishing, 2001, 81-87.
 
Encyclopedia Articles:
 
“Political Participation” (2006). In James Loucky, Jeanne Armstrong and Larry J. Estrada (eds.), Immigration in America Today: An Encyclopedia. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2006, 254-257.
 
“The Southern Strategy” (2008). Published in the nine-volume International Encyclopedia of Social Sciences, 2nd edition. Farmington Hills, MI: Thomson Gale Publishing.
 
“Law and Order” (2008). Published in the nine-volume International Encyclopedia of Social Sciences, 2nd edition. Farmington Hills, MI: Thomson Gale Publishing.
 
“Public Opinion” (2008). Published in the nine-volume International Encyclopedia of Social Sciences, 2nd edition. Farmington Hills, MI: Thomson Gale Publishing.
 
“Dealignment” (2008). Published in the nine-volume International Encyclopedia of Social Sciences, 2nd edition. Farmington Hills, MI: Thomson Gale Publishing.
 
“Polling” (2008). Published in the nine-volume International Encyclopedia of Social Sciences, 2nd edition. Farmington Hills, MI: Thomson Gale Publishing.
 
“Southern Politics” (2008). Published in the nine-volume International Encyclopedia of Social Sciences, 2nd edition. Farmington Hills, MI: Thomson Gale Publishing.
 
“The New Deal” (2008). Published in the nine-volume International Encyclopedia of Social Sciences, 2nd edition. Farmington Hills, MI: Thomson Gale Publishing.
 
“Civil Rights” (2008). Published in the nine-volume International Encyclopedia of Social Sciences, 2nd edition. Farmington Hills, MI: Thomson Gale Publishing.
 
Other Articles:
 
“Southern Politics: Partisan Realignment, Consistently High Authoritarianism.” ISPPNews (newsletter of the International Society of Political Psychology) 18, #1 (spring 2007), 8-14.
 
Book Review:
 
Review of William H. Chafe’s Private Lives/Public Consequences: Personality and Politics in Modern America (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2005). White House Studies 6, #2 (2006), 223-225.
 
 
ARTICLES IN PROGRESS
 
“Authoritarian Predispositions, Miltarism, Race and Religion: Explaining Republican Realignment In The South.” Under revision.
 
 
OTHER RESEARCH REPORTS
 
Report of results from Janesville community survey, presented February 16, 2010, to Janesville, MN Economic Development Authority.
 
 
“Student Perceptions of Campus Technologies at MSU: Phase III.” Report of results from phase III of the MSU ITS survey, Minnesota State University Mankato, February 2006.
 
“Student Perceptions of Campus Technologies at MSU: Phase II.” Report of results from phase II of the MSU ITS survey, Minnesota State University Mankato, February 2005.
 
“Student Perceptions of Campus Technologies at MSU.” Report of results from phase I of the MSU ITS survey, Minnesota State University Mankato, February 2004.
 
“Public Perceptions of Service Delivery by the City of Mankato Department of Public Safety.” Report of results from the Mankato Police Department survey, Minnesota State University, Mankato, January 2003.
 
“Alumni Perceptions of the MSU College of Social and Behavioral Sciences.” Report of results from the SBS Alumni Survey, Minnesota State University, Mankato, January 2002.
 
“Student Perceptions of Advising U.” Report of results from the SBS Advising U. Survey, Minnesota State University, Mankato, December 2000.
 
 
INVITED PRESENTATIONS

“Authoritarianism and Resistance to Diversity in the American South.” Presented at the Oxford Round Table interactive workshop on “Diversity in Society,” Oxford University, UK, March 25-30, 2007.
 
“Authoritarianism, Resistance to Diversity and Republican Realignment among White Southerners.” Presented for the Bose Lecture Series, Department of Political Science, University of Iowa, February 16, 2007.
 
“Militarism, Southern Culture, the 9/11 Attacks and the Bush Administration’s Responses: The Implications for Contemporary Southern Politics.” Presented at the Watson-Brown workshop, “A Southern Military Tradition? The Military and the American South, 1898-Present,” at Hickory Hill, Thomson, GA, October 7, 2006.
 
 
SELECTED CONFERENCE PRESENTATIONS
 
“Authoritarianism: An ‘Equal Opportunity’ Influence on Policy Preferences in the South?” (with Scott Huffmon). .” Presented at the Southern Political Science Association conference, New Orleans, LA (January 2011).
 
“Race, Religion, Militarism, Economics, Authoritarianism: The Underpinnings of Republican Realignment in the South” (with Scott Huffmon).  Presented at the Southern Political Science Association conference, Atlanta, GA (January 2010).
 
“Authoritarian Predispositions, Militarism, Race and Religion: Explaining Republican Realignment in the South.” Presented at the Southern Political Science Association conference, New Orleans, LA (January 2008).
 
“Authoritarianism, History and Politics in the American South.” Presented at the International Society of Political Psychology conference, Portland, OR (July 2007).
 
“Militarism, Southern Culture, the 9/11 Attacks and the Bush Administration’s Responses: The Implications for Contemporary Southern Politics.” Presented at the Southern Political Science Association conference, New Orleans, LA (January 2007).
 
“Connecting the Past and the Present: Historical Realities and Current Political Trends in the South.” Presented at the Southern Political Science Association conference, Atlanta, GA (January 2006).
 
“The Impact of Racial Stereotypes on Cognitive and Affective Responses toward African Americans.” Presented at the Southern Political Science Association conference, New Orleans, LA (January 2005).
 
“Attitudinal Antecedents of Racial Hostility: An Investigation Employing Overtly and Implicitly Racial Stimuli.” Presented at the Southern Political Science Association conference, New Orleans, LA (January 2004).
 
“Revising the Road to a Split Presidential Election Outcome: Do State Disparities in Electoral College Representation Matter?” Presented at the Southern Political Science Association conference, Savannah, GA (November 2002).
 
“Assessing Authoritarianism as a Predictor of Pictorial Racial Responses.” Presented at the International Society of Political Psychology conference, Berlin, Germany (July 2002).
 
“Ideology, Traditional Values, Racial Stereotypes and Responses to Racially Laden Pictorial Stimuli.” Presented at the International Society of Political Psychology conference, Seattle, WA (July 2000).
 
 
SELECTED OTHER CONFERENCE PARTICIPATION
 
Chair and panelist for panel “Teaching Southern Politics in Different Contexts” at the Southern Political Science Association conference, New Orleans, LA (January 2009).
 
Chair for the panel “The Political Consequences of Racial Stereotypes” at the Midwest Political Science Association conference, Chicago, IL (April 2007).
 
Chair and Discussant for the panel “Race and Democratic Politics” at the Southern Political Science Association conference, New Orleans, LA (January 2007).
 
Chair for the panel “Racial Stereotypes and Feelings Toward Outgroups” at the Midwest Political Science Association conference, Chicago, IL (April 2006).
 
Chair and Discussant for the panel “Some Lessons from the Past” (in Southern politics) at the Southern Political Science Association conference, Atlanta, GA (January 2006).
 
Discussant for the panel “Inter-Group Racism” at the Midwest Political Science Association conference, Chicago, IL (April 2005).
 
Chair and Discussant for the panel “Race and Ethnicity in the States” at the Southern Political Science Association conference, New Orleans, LA (January 2005).
 
Chair and Discussant for the panel “Intra Race Relations: Cooperation and Conflict I” at the Midwest Political Science Association conference, Chicago, IL (April 2004).
 
Chair and Discussant for the panel “Political Culture” at the Midwest Political Science Student Convention, Creighton University, Omaha, NE (March 2004).
 
Chair for the panel “Race and Politics in the South” at the Southern Political Science Association conference, New Orleans, LA (January 2004).
 
Chair and Discussant for the panel “Political Contexts and Social Influence” at the Midwest Political Science Association conference, Chicago, IL (April 2003).
Discussant for the panel “Race, Racism and Policy Attitudes” at the Midwest Political Science Association conference, Chicago, IL (April 2001).
 
Chair and Discussant for the panel “Ethnic-Racial Conflict and Prejudice: Prospects for Change?” at the
2000 annual meeting of the International Society of Political Psychology, Seattle, WA.
 
Chair for the panel “The Psychology of Race” at the 1999 annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association, Savannah, GA.
 
 
OTHER FACULTY DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES
 
Yearlong and summer activities:
 
Completing the Minnesota State University, Mankato Leadership Institute, 2007-2008 school year.
 
Completed the 2005-2006 Leadership Institute of Greater Mankato, sponsored by the Greater Mankato Chamber of Commerce; full-day sessions (with a two-day session in March) ran from September 2005 to May 2006; graduation May 17, 2006.
 
Completed the five-week National Endowment for the Humanities summer seminar for college teachers, “Faulkner and Southern History,” at the Institute for Southern Studies, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, June 13-July 15, 2005.
 
Completed the four-week Summer Institute in Political Psychology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, July 26-August 20, 1999.
 
Assessment and other faculty development activities:

Participated in the AAHE Assessment Conference, Charlotte, NC, June 14-17, 2000.
 
“Prizing Diversity: Practical Approaches to Engagement in a Multicultural World.”  Faculty development conference, Bloomington, MN, November 15-16, 2002.
 
“Building the New Learning Communities.” Faculty development conference, Minneapolis, MN, November 17-18, 2000.
 
“Coming Full Circle: Using Assessment to Transform Teaching and Learning.” Faculty development conference, Bloomington, MN, November 20-21, 1998.
 
Workshops:
 
Completed a workshop on integrated course design, sponsored by the Center for Excellence in Teaching and Learning, Minnesota State University, Mankato, June 3-4, 2008.
 
Completed the Oxford Round Table interactive workshop on “Diversity in Society,” Oxford University, United Kingdom, March 25-30, 2007.
 
 
Completed “A Southern Military Tradition? The Military and the American South, 1898-Present,” a workshop sponsored by the Watson-Brown Foundation and the University of South Carolina’s Institute for Southern Studies, at Hickory Hill, Thomson, GA, October 6-8, 2006.
 
Completed “Teaching Political Psychology,” a pre-conference workshop before the American Political Science Association annual conference, Chicago, IL, September 1, 2004.
 
Completed “Understanding and Dismantling Racism,” a workshop sponsored by the Minnesota Council of Churches, Janesville, MN, March 10-12, 2000.
 
 
MEDIA INTERVIEWS AND APPEARANCES
 
Newspaper interviews: New Ulm Journal (October 2000, on race and politics); Mankato Free Press (December 2000, on 2000 presidential election); Minneapolis Star-Tribune (January 2001, on Minnesota’s then Gov. Jesse Ventura’s popularity); Mankato Free Press (May 2002, on Minnesota DFL state party convention); Minneapolis Star-Tribune (November 2002, on U.S. Senate candidate Walter Mondale); North Andover (MA) Eagle-Tribune (February 2003, on local ballot question on trash collection); Gannett News Service (August 2003, on candidates’ food choices while on the campaign trail); Jackson, MS Clarion-Ledger (October 2003, on racial issues in Southern political campaigns); Minneapolis Star-Tribune (August 2004, on President Bush’s 8-4-04 visit to Mankato); Minneapolis Star-Tribune (January 2006, on status and prospects for Independence Party in Minnesota politics); Albert Lea Tribune (November 2006, on negative advertising in 2006 campaign); Owatonna People’s Press (April 2008, on political candidates’ efforts to connect with voters); Northfield News (January 2010, on Minnesota’s possible loss of a congressional seat after the 2010 census).
 
Magazine interviews: Kitchen Sink magazine, San Francisco, CA (August 2003, on factors influencing presidential election outcomes).
 
Televised interviews: KEYC-TV, Channel 12 (Mankato, Minnesota): March 2002 (on Minnesota’s political party precinct caucuses); November 2002 (extended election night coverage and analysis); August 2004 (on President Bush’s 8-4-04 visit to Mankato); April 2006 (on former House Majority Leader Tom DeLay’s resignation from Congress); November 2006 (on voter turnout in Minnesota during the 2006 election); December 2006 (on death of former President Gerald Ford); January 2008 (on upcoming Minnesota political parties’ caucuses); August 2008 (three stories, on polling in 2008 campaign); December 2010 (on Minnesota’s avoiding losing a congressional seat after the 2010 census)..
 
Radio interviews: Guest specialist on race and politics, on KMSU Radio’s Human Race Radio series, Mankato, MN. Taping of show on January 27, 2005; aired February 8, 2005.
 
 
CAMPUS AND COMMUNITY PRESENTATIONS
 
“Racial Intolerance in America.” Presented at the Kessel Peace Institute’s panel on intolerance, October 25, 2010, Minnesota State University, Mankato.
 
“Abraham Lincoln and the Exercise of Presidential Power.” Presented at a panel discussion accompanying the opening of an Abraham Lincoln exhibit at Memorial Library at Minnesota State University, Mankato, April 14, 2010.
 
“Southern Politics: Continuity and Change.” Presented to retired faculty and staff at Minnesota State University, Mankato, November 13, 2009.
 
“The Politics of Global Warming.” Presented at the Minnesota Recyclers Association meeting, Blue Earth County Library, Mankato, MN, April 14, 2008.
 
“Iraq, Israel, Terrorism, Bush Administration Policies and the Southern Factor.” Presented at the Unitarian Universalist Fellowship, March 30, 2008.
 
“Southern Politics.” Presented to CIS U.S. Government classes at Belle Plaine High School, Belle Plaine, MN, March 9, 2010 and March 10, 2008.
 
“The Constitution and the Impeachment Process.” Presented at the Kessel Peace Institute’s teach-in, March 3, 2008.
 
Member of faculty panel for Constitution Day, Minnesota State University, Mankato, September 18, 2006.  My presentation was on constitutional disputes and Supreme Court cases on gay and lesbian issues.
 
Member of faculty panel “Don’t Get Fooled Again: Constitutional Cases and Controversies in the 21st Century,” for Constitution Day, September 16, 2005. My presentation was on disputes over school prayer and Ten Commandments displays in public places.
 
“Racial Issues and U.S. Politics.” Presented to Old Main Village (senior center) Club Room Forum, Mankato, MN, February 18, 2005.
 
“The 2004 Campaign So Far.” Presented to a meeting of Golden K (Kiwanis Club retirees), North Mankato, MN, September 28, 2004.
 
“Race, Prejudice and American Politics.” Faculty Lecture Series, Minnesota State University, Mankato, February 9, 1999.
 
 
GRANTS AND AWARDS
 
Faculty Research Grant, from Office of Research and Sponsored Programs, Minnesota State University, Mankato, awarded November 2006 ($3,134).
 
Faculty Improvement Grants (four), Minnesota State University, Mankato, fall 1998 ($50), spring 1999 ($1,950), fall 2004 ($182) and spring 2007 ($2,318).
 
Author, winning proposal, “Questions Measuring Authoritarianism,” for American National Election Studies 2006 Pilot Study.
 
University Scholarship, President’s Office, Minnesota State University, Mankato, for completion of the 2005-2006 Leadership Institute of Greater Mankato.
 
Research Fellowship, Institute for Southern Studies, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, summer 2005.
 
Best Chapter Advisor for 2003 (one of three such awards given nationally) from Pi Sigma Alpha, the national honorary society for students in political science.
 
Biography included in Who’s Who in America, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005 and 2006.
 
Research grant, Center for Applied Social Science, Minnesota State University, Mankato. Funded for $1,000 for MSU technology survey, fall semester 2003.
Edward Artinian Travel Awards, for junior faculty, from the Southern Political Science Association (two awards, one each in 1999 and 2002).
 
Research Grants (two), Graduate College, University of Iowa, 1993-1994 and 1994-1995.
 
 
TEACHING INTERESTS
 
American politics; Southern politics; Congress; the presidency; political parties; public opinion and voting; campaigns and elections; racial and ethnic politics; environmental politics; civil rights and civil liberties; political psychology; U.S. political history; American legal philosophy.
 
 
RESEARCH INTERESTS
 
My current research is focusing on the nexus between history, culture, psychology, race and politics in the American South. My first research program is exploring the extent to which politically relevant psychological differences exist between Southerners and non-Southerners.  Of special interest are political-psychological variables such as right-wing authoritarianism, social dominance orientation and racial resentment, and other political measures like religious beliefs and ‘culture of honor’ beliefs.
 With co-author Scott Huffmon, I also am examining elements of Southern culture, namely Southern ‘cultural defense,’ Southern militarism, religious fundamentalism and the Southern 'culture of honor,' relating them to the partisan realignment that has brought the Republican Party into majority status in Southern politics.  An article on the influence of religion and Southern culture on Republican realignment among white Southerners, was published in the online Forum on Public Policy, spring 2007. A second article, on the combined influence of militarism, Southern culture, 9/11 and the Bush administration’s responses on Republican realignment among Southern whites, was presented at the Watson-Brown workshop, “A Southern Military Tradition? The Military and the American South, 1898-Present,” Thomson, GA, October 7, 2006. More quantitative research, based on a Southern regional dataset, was presented at the 2011 Southern Political Science Association conference, and is being revised for submission for publication.
 
 
ACADEMIC POSITIONS
 
Associate Professor (with tenure), political science, Minnesota State University, Mankato, 2003-present. Courses taught: Introduction to Political Analysis, United States Government, Seminar: American Politics (for graduate students), Southern Politics, Environmental Politics, American Legal Philosophy, Political Parties, The Legislative Process, The Executive Process, Racial and Ethnic Politics, Public Opinion and Polling Methods, Political Psychology, and Seminar: American Politics.
 
Assistant Professor, political science, Minnesota State University, Mankato, 1998-2003. Courses taught: Introduction to Political Analysis, United States Government, Southern Politics, Environmental Politics, Political Participation and Behavior, American Legal Philosophy, Political Parties, The Executive Process, Racial and Ethnic Politics, Public Opinion and Polling Methods, Political Psychology, Introduction to Politics.
 
Assistant Professor (fixed term), political science, Benedictine University, 1997-98 academic year. Courses taught: Research Writing for Social Scientists, State and Local Government, Theories of the Legal System, Introduction to American Politics, Congress and the Legislative Process, Senior Thesis.
 
Instructor, Saturday and Evening College, University of Iowa, fall 1996, American Political Parties.
 
Teaching Assistant, Department of Political Science, University of Iowa, 1990-1996. Courses include:
Introduction to Political Behavior, Introduction to American Politics, The Presidency, Political Parties and Pressure Groups, Parliamentary versus Presidential Systems, Politics of the Former Soviet Union, Crises in the Middle East.
 
Research Assistant, Department of Political Science, University of Iowa, 1989-90, spring 1996.
 
 
OTHER POSITIONS
 
Project Director, Janesville, MN community survey (fall 2009, 117 respondents); MSU Information and Technology Survey (Phase III: fall 2005, 120 respondents; Phase II: fall 2004, 129 respondents; Phase I: fall 2003, 554 respondents); Mankato Department of Public Safety Survey (fall 2002, 255 respondents); MSU College of Social and Behavioral Sciences Alumni Survey, (fall 2001, 156 respondents); Social and Behavioral Sciences Advising Survey (fall 2000, 115 respondents). Directed completion of closed/open ended telephone surveys, trained interviewers, conducted interviews, compiled and analyzed data and wrote reports of results.
 
Executive Interviewer, Epley Marketing Services, Inc., summers, 1991-95. Conducted telephone interviews, wrote reports, coded data and assisted with design of market research studies.
 
 
PROFESSIONAL ASSOCIATION MEMBERSHIPS
 
American Political Science Association
Midwest Political Science Association
Southern Political Science Association
Minnesota Political Science Association
International Society of Political Psychology
 
 
SERVICE ACTIVITIES
 
Consulting Faculty, College in the Schools program, for delivering of college classes by high-school teachers in high schools. Minnesota State University, Mankato, January 2008-present.
 
Manuscript Reviewer, American Journal of Political Science, Journal of Politics, American Review of Politics, American Politics Review.
 
Chairperson, Curriculum Committee, College of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Minnesota State University, Mankato, September 2004-October 2006. Member, SBS Curriculum Committee, 2002-September 2004 and October 2006-present.
 
Curriculum Committee, Personnel Committee, Kessel Lecture Committee, Department of Political Science/Law Enforcement, Minnesota State University, Mankato, various dates. Chairperson of departmental Curriculum Committee, 2003-2005, 2007-2008 and fall 2010-present.
 
Chief organizer, Midwest Political Science Undergraduate Research Conference, held at Minnesota State University, Mankato, March 23-25, 2006.
 
Chief organizer, Kessel Lecture, Department of Political Science/Law Enforcement, Minnesota State University, October 2002 and October 2003.
 
Chapter Advisor, Pi Sigma Alpha (political science honor society), Minnesota State University, Mankato, 1999-present. Awarded a Best Chapter Advisor award from Pi Sigma Alpha’s national office for 2003.  Accompanied students to numerous off-campus opportunities, including a trip to the Minnesota Capitol and Supreme Court (January 2004); meetings of the Midwest Political Science Undergraduate Research Conference (2003-2006, and 2008); meetings of the Minnesota Political Science Association (2002-2008), a Washington D.C. field trip (October 19-22, 2006) and trips with students to the Midwest Political Science Association conference (April 12-15, 2007, and April 3-6, 2008).
 
Classroom Committee, Benedictine University, 1997-1998 academic year.
 
Musicorum chamber choir, Mankato, Minnesota, 1998-present. Treasurer, 2001-present.
 
Downers Grove (Illinois) Choral Society, 1997-1998 season. Participated in the DGCS Outreach program, including performances in nursing homes and long-term care centers, and at community events.
 
Kantorei, University of Iowa School of Music, 1995-1997. Performed in the University of Iowa’s graduate choral ensemble. Participated in an international choral festival, Tolosa, Spain, fall 1996.
 
 
REFERENCES (additional references available upon request)
 
Dr. John Alessio, Dean                                                                      Dr. N. Doran Hunter, Professor Emeritus
College of Social and Behavioral Sciences                                    Dept. of Political Science/Law Enforcement
111 Armstrong Hall                                                                            109 Morris Hall
Minnesota State University, Mankato                                            Minnesota State University, Mankato
Mankato, MN 56001                                                                         Mankato, MN 56001
john.alessio@mnsu.edu                                                                     (507) 388-4804   
(507) 389-5717